The Boy Scouts of America recently announced that it would be banning the participation of scouts and leaders from the 2013 Jamboree based on their Body Mass Index (BMI). NEDA’s President and CEO, Lynn Grefe, explains why this is a dangerous idea and urges the Boy Scouts to reconsider this policy in the future in an open letter to their Chief Scouting Officer. If you feel similarly, we encourage you to write to the Boy Scouts and share your concerns. The full text of the letter is available as a PDF and can be read in it’s entirety below:
July 18, 2013
Mr. Wayne Brock
Chief Scouting Officer
Boy Scouts of America
P.O. Box 152079
Irving, Texas 75015-2079
Dear Mr. Brock,
On behalf of the National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA), I am writing to express concern about the Boy Scouts of America’s decision to forbid individuals with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40 and above from participating in its Jamboree. While we understand and respect the need for the Boy Scouts to verify the physical fitness of Jamboree participants, that decision should not be based on BMI, but instead on a comprehensive medical evaluation by the child’s physician. BMI was never intended to be the singular evaluative tool for an individual’s health, but is instead more applicable for population level data.
Furthermore, NEDA is very concerned that encouraging members to take such a reductionist view of their health could have unintended negative consequences. A 2001 study found that 16% of adolescent boys use unhealthy weight control behaviors, including bingeing, vomiting, fasting, laxative and diet pill use, and compulsive exercise. In 2011, the Center for Disease Control found that while 15,178 students reported being overweight or obese, nearly 33,000 reported engaging in eating disordered behaviors in the 30 days prior to the survey.
Encouraging youth to lose weight in order to participate in an event of major importance to them can contribute to the development of these unhealthy behaviors. It could also validate anti-fat bias among their peers and contribute to bullying by sending the message that it is acceptable to exclude children of larger size. A 2012 survey by a UK Eating Disorders charity found that 78% of young people with eating disorders say bullying contributed to their illness.
Eating disorders are serious, life-threatening illnesses – anorexia has the highest mortality rate of any mental disorder. We have no doubt that you are concerned for the youth in your organization and intended to encourage health among members, however this is a misguided policy in pursuing that goal. Leaving decisions about a child’s health to their physician, working to combat anti-fat bullying among members, and providing modified activities to increase participation by obese children would be much more effective in improving the physical and emotional health of all Boy Scouts.
President and CEO
An Open Letter to Boy Scouts of America